11 _? Pedee (extinct)_

A. Pedee (meaning unknown).

B. Waccamaw (meaning unknown).

C. Winyaw (meaning unknown).

D. Hooks and Backhooks(?).

The definition of the first six of these divisions is based on extended

researches among the tribes and in the literature representing the work of

earlier observers, and may be regarded as satisfactory. In some cases,

notably the Dakota confederacy, the constitution of t
e divisions is also

satisfactory, though in others, including the Asiniboin, Mandan, and

Winnebago, the tabulation represents little more than superficial

enumeration of villages and bands, generally by observers possessing

little knowledge of Indian sociology or language. So far as the survivors

of the Biloxi are concerned the classification is satisfactory; but there

is doubt concerning the former limits of the division, and also concerning

the relations of the extinct tribes referred to on slender, yet the best

available, evidence. The classification of the extinct and nearly extinct

Siouan Indians of the east is much less satisfactory. In several cases

languages are utterly lost, and in others a few doubtful terms alone

remain. In these cases affinity is inferred in part from geographic

relation, but chiefly from the recorded federation of tribes and union of

remnants as the aboriginal population faded under the light of brighter

intelligence; and in all such instances it has been assumed that

federation and union grew out of that conformity in mode of thought which

is characteristic of peoples speaking identical or closely related

tongues. Accordingly, while the grouping of eastern tribes rests in part

on meager testimony and is open to question at many points, it is perhaps

the best that can be devised, and suffices for convenience of statement if

not as a final classification. So far as practicable the names adopted for

the tribes, confederacies, and other groups are those in common use, the

aboriginal designations, when distinct, being added in those cases in

which they are known.

The present population of the Siouan stock is probably between 40,000 and

45,000, including 2,000 or more (mainly Asiniboin) in Canada.