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Alphabet
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The Siha-sapa Or Blackfeet
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Toiwe're
The Waqpe-kute
3 _{~latin Small Letter Turned T~}{~latin Small Letter Open O~}iwe´re_ (_people Of This Place_)
9 _catawba Or Ni-ya (people)_
The Osage
The Ni-u'-t'a-tci Or Missouri
2 _cegiha_ (_people Dwelling Here_)(9)
Organization
The Eastern And Southern Tribes
General Features Of Organization


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The Osage
Alphabet



Alphabet





a, as in father.

'a, an initially exploded a.

a, as in what, or as o in not.

'a, an initially exploded a.

ae, as in hat.

c, as sh in she. See s.

{~LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O~}, a medial sh, a sonant-surd

c (Dakota letter), as ch in church.

c, as th in thin.

{~LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O~}{~COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT~}, a medial c, sonant-surd.

c, as th in the.

e, as in they.

'e, an initially exploded e.

e, as in get.

'e, an initially exploded e.

g, as in go.

g (in Dakota), gh. See x.

{~LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED H~} (in Osage), an h after a pure or nasalized vowel, expelled through the
mouth with the lips wide apart.

h (in Dakota), kh, etc. See q.

i, as in machine.

'i, an initially exploded i.

i, as in pin.

j, as z in azure, or as j in the French Jacques.

{~LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED K~}, a medial k, a sonant-surd,

k', an exploded k. See next letter.

k (in Dakota), an exploded k.

{~LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M~} (in Kansa), a medial m, a sound between m and b.

n (in Dakota), after a vowel has the sound of n in the French bon. See
[n].

n, as ng in sing.

hn, its initial sound is expelled from the nostrils and is scarcely heard.

o, as in no.

'o, an initially exploded o.

*d*, a medial b or p, a sonant-surd.

p', an exploded p.

q, as German ch in ach. See h.

*s*, a medial z or s, a sonant-surd.

s (in Dakota), as sh in she. See c.

{~LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED T~}, a medial d or t, a sonant-surd.

t', an exploded t.

u, as oo in tool.

'u, an initially exploded u.

u, as oo in foot.

u{~COMBINING MACRON BELOW~}, a sound between o and u.

ue, as in German kuehl, suess.

x, gh, or nearly the Arabic ghain. See g.

z (in Dakota), as z in azure. See j.

dj, as j in judge.

tc, as ch in church. See c.

tc', an exploded tc.

{~LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED T~}{~LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O~}, a medial tc, a sonant-surd.

ts', an exploded ts.

{~LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED T~}s, a medial ts, a sonant-surd.

ai, as in aisle.

au, as ow in how.

yu, as u in tune, or ew in few.

The following have the ordinary English sounds: b, d, h, k, l, m, n, p, r,
s, t, w, y, and z. A superior n (n) after a vowel (compare the Dakota n)
has the sound of the French n in bon, vin, etc. A plus sign (+) after
any letter prolongs it.

The vowels 'a, 'e, 'i, 'o, 'u, and their modifications are styled
initially exploded vowels for want of a better appellation, there being in
each case an initial explosion. These vowels are approximately or
partially pectoral sounds found in the Siouan languages and also in some
of the languages of western Oregon and in the language of the Hawaiian
islands.

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